DIGSI.pdf

September 9, 2017 | Author: SamJo | Category: Bit, Microsoft Windows, Computer Data Storage, User Interface, Windows Xp
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Description

1

Introduction

2

Project Administration / Exercises

Training

DIGSI 4 • Power System Protection Function

3

Device Parameterization

• CFC / Display / Control 4

CFC-Exercises

5

CFC-Function Modules

6

Commissioning and Test Functions

7

Settings of Communication interfaces

8

9

Siemens Power Academy © Siemens AG

10

Process Data Analysis

Siemens Power Academy

Dr. M.R. Ganjavi PTD SE PTI NC Erlangen Tel: +49 9131 733854 Fax: +49 9131 735017 [email protected]

Version: B 5_Page 1

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy

DIGSI - History PC-OperatingSystem

DOS

DIGSI Symbol

DIGSI Version

Delivery

V2

1991

V3.3

1998

Windows 3.x Windows 95 Win. NT 4.0 OS/2 Warp Windows 95 Win. NT 4.0

V4.0

1999

V4.8

2008

Windows 98/2000/ME/XP neu: Windows Vista -Professional Version: B 5_Page 2

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy Targets of DIGSI 4 Basic Course

„ Using DIGSI 4 efficiently „ Using the DIGSI 4 Project Manager in an

optimal way

„ Proceeding how to do the settings „ Interpretation of trip logs „ Evaluation of fault records „ Engineering of CFC-charts, change of the

I/O-Configuration matrix

„ To know the opportunities of the default

display editor

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01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy Training configuration in DIGSI 4 training course

Instructor

6 x 7SJ63x SIPROTEC

SIPROTEC

7SC64-0000-ABC

RU N

RU N

C T RL

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CT RL

LED

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F4

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0

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2

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7

8

9

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4

5

6

F3

1

2

3

.

0

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7

8

9

4

5

6

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1

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3

.

0

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F2

3

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

C T RL

LED

Lo c a l

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7

8

9

F2

4

5

6

F3

1

2

3

.

0

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F4

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E N TE R

ES C

ERROR

M EN U

F1

Te s t

7SC64-0000-ABC

ERROR

M EN U

F1

Te s t

SIPROTEC

7SC64-0000-ABC

ERROR

M EN U

F1

Tes t

SIPROTEC

7SC64-0000-ABC

ERROR

M EN U

F1

Te s t

SIPROTEC

7SC64-0000-ABC

ERROR

M EN U

LED

SIPROTEC

7SC64-0000-ABC

ERROR

C T RL

LED

Lo c a l

Rem ote

E N TE R

ES C

F1

7

8

9

F2

4

5

6

F3

1

2

3

.

0

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Te s t

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M EN U

5

Energy Sector

C T RL

LED

Lo c a l

Rem ote

No rm a l

E N TE R

ES C

F1

7

8

F2

4

5

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1

2

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.

0

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Te s t

9 6

6

© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy

The modular Programm of DIGSI 4 DIGSI 4

Basic - Programm Project and Device-Manager - Supports device templates-

Scope of functionality Engineering I/O-Matrix

Operation & Control

Commissioning, Test Mode

IEC, PROFIBUS, MODBUS, DNP, ...

Visualization of fault records

Additional programms Display Editor to create and edit the default and control displays DIGSI Remote central- remote operation using modems

Version: B 5_Page 5

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

SIGRA to visualize and evaluate fault records

Graphic-Tools trip characteristics Impedance diagrams SIMATIC CFC 4 Logic editor

Energy Sector

© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy

Versions of DIGSI 4 Order-Code.

DIGSI 4 Variants Basic with License for up to 10 PCs Professional Complete version with all options incl. SIGRA and Remote Basis Upgrade DIGSI 3->4

7XS5400-0AA00 7XS5402-0AA00

7XS5405-0AA00 7XS5406-0AA00

Professional Upgrade DIGSI 3->4

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01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

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Versions of DIGSI 4 Variants

Order-Code.

SIGRA 4

7XS5410-0AA00

Evaluation of fault records Option for DIGSI 4 DIGSI 4 Remote

7XS5440-0AA00

Software for remote operation Option for DIGSI 4 DIGSI 4 Demo

7XS5401-0AA00

Multimedia presentation

Version: B 5_Page 7

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy PC- Hardware-Requirements for DIGSI 4

Minimum PC-requirements

Recommended PC-HW

Pentium with 800 MHz

ƒ Pentium 1,6 GHz

128 MB RAM 700 MB on harddisk

ƒ 256 MB RAM

700MB on harddisk

1 serial Port

ƒ 1 serial Port CD-ROM drive Win95 or Win 98 WIN NT4.0, Win 2000/ME/XP-Prof. Explorer 6.0

ƒ CD-ROM drive ƒ Win 95 or Win 98

WIN NT4.0, Win 2000/ME/XP-Professional Explorer 6.0

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01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy DIGSI 4 operating program

Configuration matrix

Parameterization

Change relay display

Fault evaluation

Test

Logic Editor

Version: B 5_Page 9

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy

DIGSI - The manager that keeps order

„ „ „ „ „ „

Easy management of relays in projects Selection of relays from a catalog Archiving, export, and import Variation management Plug and play Reading out process data with singlekeystroke operation

„ Work like in MS Windows Explorer „ Any station topologies „ Same platform as for SICAM Substation Automation System

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01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

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DIGSI - A single DIGSI for every version of every relay

Uniqu e !!!

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01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

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DIGSI - The function tree with a pivotal function

„ Function tree has a pivotal function in operation

„ "What you see is what you need“

„ Graphic visualization of the tripping characteristic

„ Comparison of parameters „ Structured tab card dialogs Version: B 5_Page 12

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

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DIGSI - The allocation matrix, a clear overview

„ Routing of indications, measured/metered values, commands to inputs/outputs, LEDs, CFC, buffers, system interface, feeder control diagram

„ Matrix instead of nested operating sequences

„ Popup menus provide the options

„ Overview using filter, hiding/showing Version: B 5_Page 13

„ No incorrect input possible 01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI - Test functions, decisive for commissioning

„ Testing and diagnostic functions „ Quick and problem-free testing of wiring

„ Output of indications via the system interface

„ Opening and closing of relays „ ...

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01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI - Fault analysis with SIGRA „ Time-signal curves, circle diagrams, vector diagrams, barcharts

„ Calculation of positivesequence impedances, rms values, symmetrical components, vectors, and much more

„ Quick and easy measurement using two cursors

„ Adding further fault recordings (e.g. from the remote end of a line)

„ Synchronization of fault recordings

„ Also for fault recordings of relays from other manufacturers Version: B 5_Page 15

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

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DIGSI - Programming SIPROTEC with CFC

„ „ „ „

PLC integrated into the SIPROTEC 4 relays Fully graphic, no progamming skills required Libraries with standard blocks Dragging blocks from the catalog into the chart, then linking with a mouse click

„ Connecting block inputs and outputs with information items (measured values, indications, circuit breaker positions, ...)

„ Consistency check with guarantee of effectiveness of the protection Version: B 5_Page 16

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI - Typical CFC applications „ Extension of the release condition for a switching command (e.g. by the position of a further disconnector and the information item "spring charged")

„ Display of an application-specific group indication in an LED (single indications logically combined with operators, such as AND, OR, NOT)

„ Display of a new dynamic symbol for an item of equipment in the display (various states calculated by the CFC logic)

„ Switchover of the parameter group (on phase currents dropping below a limit value)

„ Blinking alarm LED if the switching authority is set to "LOCAL" „ Implementation of a protection function not offered in the relay (e.g. "Reverse power protection" or "Efficiency monitoring")

„ Forced sequence switching after pressing a function key on the relay (e.g. automatic grounding)

„ Step-by-step load shedding on power deficit (calculation of suitable feeders by the CFC logic)

„ ...

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01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI - Adapting the relay display with the Display Editor

„ Changing the basic displays and feeder control diagrams preconfigured in the factory

„ Operation like with a conventional image editor

„ Libraries with static and dynamic symbols, including user symbols

„ Linking of the dynamic symbol with the associated item of equipment, measured value, ...

„ Typical diagrams can be stored as templates Version: B 5_Page 18

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

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DIGSI - Station configuration for busbar protection

„ Busbar protection 7SS52 now also operable with DIGSI 4 (V4.30)

„ Operation like the Display Editor „ Libraries with static and dynamic symbols, including user symbols

„ Linking of dynamic symbols with the associated item of equipment, measured value, ...

„ Typical diagrams can be stored as templates

„ On-line visualization (HMI) Version: B 5_Page 19

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy DIGSI - Some advantages 1 program for all tasks

1 program for all relays

User friendly

Standardized over the bay and station control levels Version: B 5_Page 20

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy DIGSI - Requirements

Minimum PC requirements

Recommended PC hardware

Pentium from 800 MHz

„ Pentium from 1,6GHz „ 256 MB RAM

128 MB RAM

„ 700 MB memory space on

700 MB memory space on harddisk

harddisk „ 1 serial port

1 serial port

„ CD-ROM drive

CD-ROM drive

„ MS Windows 95/98/ME

MS Windows 95/98/ME NT4/2000/XP Prof. Version: B 5_Page 21

NT4/2000/XP Prof.

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy DIGSI - Order structure Product description

Variant

Order No.

DIGSI 4 Software for configuring and operating protection units from SIEMENS MS Windows program, executable under MS Windows NT 4 / 95 / 98 / 2000 / ME Incl. device templates, Comtrade Viewer, characteristic visualization, manual in electronic form

Basic With license for 10 computers On CD-ROM Authorization by license number Demo Multimedia presentation with operating videos for demonstration and training In addition: Demo version of DIGSI 4 Basic (without communication with unit) On CD-ROM and on Demo-CD-ROM Professional Complete version: Basic and all optional packages On CD-ROM Authorization by license number Basic Upgrade Contains the packages Basic and SIGRA. Full version with license for 10 computers For licensed users of previous versions On CD-ROM Authorization by license number Professional Upgrade Complete version: Basic and all optional packages With a license for 10 computers For licensed users of previous versions On CD-ROM

7XS5400 - 0 AA00

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01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

7XS5401 - 0 AA00

7XS5402 - 0 AA00

7XS5405 - 0 AA00

7XS5406 - 0 AA00

Energy Sector

© Siemens AG

Siemens Power Academy DIGSI - We support you

„ Demo programs (on CD-ROM) „ DIGSI 4 DEMO „ SIGRA 4 TRIAL & DEMO

„ Training www.siemens.com/power-academy-td In German and English, in Nuremberg, but also "locally" anywhere in the world

„ Energy Customer Support Center www.siprotec.com in “Service or Contact” tab

Phone: +49 1805 247 000 eMail: [email protected] FAQ: www.siemens.com/energy-support

„ Newsletter www.siprotec.com in “Software/DIGSI4” tab 3-4 times a year: information about products, hints & tricks, solutions, coming training dates

„ Internet www.digsi.com

Soon: On-line forms for product registration, hotline queries, software order configuration as a service Version: B 5_Page 23

01_A0: Introduction DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 System and Device Management ƒ Installing DIGSI 4 ƒ Managing Projects ƒ Working with the Devices ƒ Optimizing Parameterization

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02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Install - Uninstall Installation from CD Rom: ADMINISTRATOR-rights are required DIGSI 4 components device drivers for SIPROTEC 4 Sequence: start Windows Insert CD ROM - Autostart of Installation insert licence number of product card selection of components Deinstallation: via system settings – remove Software... (only that procedure will delete the entries in the registry-file)

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02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - The Structure of Projects in the DIGSI 4 Manager System component hierarchy at your convenience Project System Station Feeder Device Modems Phone Book

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02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - New Project

Select the corresponding dialog box Enter project name Define storage location

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DIGSI 4 - Folders Basic structure

Folders can contain the following objects Further folders SIPROTEC 4 devices V3/V2 devices SIPROTEC 4 versions Modem connections

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DIGSI 4 - Project Structure

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Exercise: Create & structure project - Part I Create a new project („Project 1“). Insert the folders (hierarchy levels) like in the shown structure with the according names.

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02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Insert Device

Open device catalog Select device Drag & Drop the device in the project structure

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02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Device Specification

Properties

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Exercise: Create & structure project - Part II Insert the following SIPROTEC 4 relays: ƒ ƒ

Region North: Relay on the table Substation 1: 7SJ610 V4.4

ƒ ƒ

Feeder 1: Feeder 2:

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7SJ622 V4.6 7SJ631 V4.6 Modem connection

02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

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DIGSI 4 - Administrate V2/V3 Device

In DIGSI 4 Manager SIPROTEC relays of recent releases (V2, V3) can be administrated: Before inserting they have to be generated in DIGSI V3.

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DIGSI 4 - Administration of V3-Projects

In DIGSI 4 Manager projects of recent releases (V3 DIGSI-projects) can be administrated: Before inserting they have to be generated in DIGSI V3. Version: B 5_Page 12

02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise: Create & structure project - Part III Insert an older relay into the folder „Feeder 6th Avenue“.

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DIGSI 4 - Object Properties

SIPROTEC 4 Device properties

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DIGSI 4 - Object properties of V2/V3 relays

V2/V3 Device Properties

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DIGSI 4 - Save Project / Close

Save project Save as...

- with / without rearrangement - define storage location Save

Close project

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Exercise: DIGSI 4 - Save / copy / delete

Create a new project („Project 2“) Copy the folder „Substation 2“ from the first project („Project 1“) into the new project. Insert a new folder with the name „110 kV“ in the folder „substation 2“. Copy the folders „Feeder 1“ and „Feeder 2“ from the first project („Project 1“). Move the relay „7SJ631 V4.1“ from „Feeder 2“ to „Feeder 1“ Delete the relay „7SJ622“ in „Feeder 2“. Insert a new relay of the type „7SJ610 V4.0“. Specificate the order number MLFB and look at the object properties.

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DIGSI 4 - Open Projects Menu item File → Open Automatic presetting after Program start (global default setting) Latest edited projects Hidden / moved

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DIGSI 4 - Archiving / Retrieving of Projects

Project archiving - first steps Make basic settings - Select the archiving program of your choice - Set folder to archiving / retrieving

Configuration of archiving program - Archive beyond floppy disk - Consistency check - Overwriting of objects with identical names - Automatic creation of archive path

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DIGSI 4 - Archiving / Retrieving of Projects

Basic settings Archiving Retrieving

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02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Project Archiving

Project archiving

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DIGSI 4 - Retrieving Projects

Retrieving projects Select archive/source Select a destination

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02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

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DIGSI 4 - Delete / Reorganize Projects

Delete projects individual several

Reorganize projects

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Exercise: Archive/Delete/Retrieve Archive the project „Project 1“ into the file system („C:\Floppy“). Delete the Project „Project 1“ Close the project „Project 2“ and reopen it. Retrieve the archived project „Project 1“ from the file system.

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DIGSI 4 - Optimization and Parameterization Use of functions beyond the projects: Copy Move Model parameterization

for objects Project Folder Device

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02_A0: Project Administration DIGSI 4 Basic

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© Siemens AG

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DIGSI 4 - Generate Copies/Variants A selected relay can be copied: „Edit > Copy“ and „Edit > Paste“ The new relay comes up Note: The new relay has a new internal address. Original and copy are different. For a selected relay a variant can be generated: „Edit > Create variant“ The new relay variant comes up. Note: The variant has the same address like the original relay. Original and variant are not different!

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DIGSI 4 - Copy versus variant A relay must be copied, when there are two or more relays of the same type and the parameters should be copied. In this case the new relay must be initialized first (to get a new internal address). For a relay a variant must be created, when there are multiple parameter settings are required for one relay. The relay has to be initialized only once, because the variants have all the same address.

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DIGSI 4 - Device variants - Import and Export Original: scheduled set

Export

from the Project Department

Version: IBS set from the Commissioning Department

Import

Version: operator set from the Operations Department

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DIGSI 4 - Device variants A device variant is generated as follows Generate a variant of an existing SIPROTEC 4 device Import device data Plug & Play connection to a SIPROTEC 4 device

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DIGSI 4 - Export Device Data Open dialog box Define destination Start exporting procedure

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DIGSI 4 - Importing Device Data Import device data as SIPROTEC 4 variant Open dialog box Select Import File Start the import procedure

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DIGSI 4 - Importing Device Data Import device data as SIPROTEC 4 device Open dialog box Select Import File Start importing procedure

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DIGSI 4 - Working with variants Create a new variant of your relay (in „Region North“): „My relay 1“. Change one parameter. Export the variant into the file system („Myrelay1.dex“ on „C:\Floppy“). a) Import the exported file as a SIPROTEC 4 variant: „My relay 2“. Change the parameterization of the original relay. b) Import the exported file directly as SIPROTEC 4 device and replace the original relay.

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DIGSI 4 - Device Parameterization and Configuration

Overview Device parameterization and configuration in the Offline mode Configuration of information CFC logical functions DIGSI 4 Editor for default and control display Settings transfer to device Settings change in the Offline mode Save settings change in the Offline mode Exercises

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DIGSI 4 - Setting Block

Possible storage locations for a device setting block: Data structure of the DIGSI 4 settings computer Memory of the SIPROTEC 4 device External storage medium (for ex. floppy disks)

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DIGSI 4 - Device in the Offline Mode

Working with SIPROTEC 4 data in the Offline mode

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DIGSI 4 - Device Settings

Open device Open tree view Select Settings

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DIGSI 4 - Device Configuration

Selecting the device configuration

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DIGSI 4 - Setting Groups

Editing Display activated group Switching Copy Reset Export protection settings

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DIGSI 4 - Setting Group Definition

Define Setting Group

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DIGSI 4 - Changing Setting Group

Direct selection in the DIGSI 4 Dialog Binary input Telegram (IEC60870-5-103)

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DIGSI 4 - Editing of Device Settings

Cross group settings defintion

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DIGSI 4 - Editing System Data

Higher-level device data definition

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DIGSI 4 - Defining Interfaces

Definition of the PC Interface Settings

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Time Synchronization

Setting of the device time synchronization

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Password Protection

Password assignment

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DIGSI 4 - Password Protection

Password Definition Change

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Password Protection

Password Deactivation Activation

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Password Protection

Reset all passwords

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DIGSI 4 - Device Parameterization

Configuration of information Configuration of CFC functions Configuration of default and control displays (ASB)

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DIGSI 4 - Configuration of Information

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DIGSI 4 - Configuration of Information

Structure of the matrix Information Source Destination Information blocks - general - protection functions - indications, measured values, statistics - functional scope related - user-defined

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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DIGSI 4 - Configuration of Information

Working with the matrix Configuration Insertion of information Change of view - expanding / collapsing of groups and columns

Filtering - as to information - as to type of configuration

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Object Properties

Single Point Indication SP

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Graphical Display

Default display - Not operator-controllable

- Indication of operational statuses, measured values, texts

Control display - Release of switching operations

- Indication of operational statuses, measured values, texts

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Default and Control Display

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Configuration of CFC Functions

CFC blocks to link information - creating group indications - defining interlocking checks

Configuration steps - starting CFC - inserting chart - inserting module - defining order of execution - interconnecting blocks

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Configuration of CFC Functions

Starting of CFC

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Configuration of CFC Functions

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Configuration of CFC Functions

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4

Load settings to the device Change and save settings in the Online mode

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - The Online Mode

Loading of the settings Change of individual settings Indications, measured values, retrieval of fault records Device control Execute test functions Device reset and resume Setting of clock and date

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Device Interfaces

User interface - DIGSI 4 direct connection

Service interface - DIGSI 4 modem connection

System interface (e.g. IEC61850, PROFIBUS) - connection to control center

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Device Initialization

The online mode

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Setting up of Device Connection

Open device Parameterize connection

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03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Saving Settings

hard disk

Version: B 5_Page 33

DIGSI 4 computer

03_A0: Device Parameterization DIGSI 4 Basic

SIPROTEC 4 device

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information and Interfaces

Definition of Information Device Information Model Types of Information Information Type: Annunciation Information Type: Control without Feedback Information Type: Control with Feedback Information Type: Measurement & Power Meter

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03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Definition of Information

An information is an event, value, or command that has meaning for device and should be processed in the protection device and/or control system. Example: Information: Value : Example: Information: Value : Example:

Circuit breaker door position is closed CLOSED / OPEN Circuit breaker position ON / OFF / INTERMIDIATE / ERROR

Information: Indicate phase A current (IL1=) in primary value Value

: 250.0 A

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03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Model

(Configuration Matrix) Output Resources

Communication Resources

Front panel Interface (Port A, local service interface) System Interface (Port B, system interface to substation control) Service Interface (Port C , remote service interface DIGSI/Modem) Add. Serial Interfaces (Port D&E, Inter-Relay Interface ) e.g. RTD-Box, Remote differential or distance relays Input Resources

SIPROTEC 4 device

Binary Input #m

Source Version: B 5_Page 3

LED #q CFC #r Buffers #t Display #s

Function Key #n CFC #k

Binary Output #p

Control Menu Information Xn

Information 03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

(Controllable on the Display)

Destination Energy Sector

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Model (Configuration Matrix)

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03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Model (Configuration Matrix)

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03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Encoding

Source U-

Bit n

U+ Logic 1: Active High (on voltage presence)

Single Point Information (One bit encoded information)

Bit n

meaning

Logic 0 Logic 1

OFF / Open ON / Close

Destination

Logic 1: Active Low (on voltage absence)

Example Binary input #8 Logic 1: Active High

CB Door Is Closed

LED #5 (Lits when Open)

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03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Encoding

Source

Double Point Information (Two bit encoded information) Bit n+1 (52a)

Bit n

U+ U-

Bit n+1

U+ Circuit X

Breaker

Logic Logic Logic Logic

0 0 1 1

Destination

Bit n meaning (52b) 0 1 0 1

Intermediate/Error OFF ON Error

Example Binary input #9 #8

Version: B 5_Page 7

Disconnector Status

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

Interlocking CFC logic

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Types

Annunciations

Source

Destination SP outgoing information to: Binary Outputs

YES

LEDs

YES

CFCs

YES

SP or DP incoming information from:

System Interface

YES

Binary Inputs

YES

NO

Buffers

YES

Function Keys

YES

NO

Display

YES

CFCs

YES

NO

Control Menu

YES

System Interface

NO

YES DP outgoing information to:

(only IEC 61850)

Version: B 5_Page 8

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

Binary Outputs

NO

LEDs

NO

CFCs

YES

System Interface

YES

Buffers

YES

Display

YES

Control Menu

YES

Energy Sector

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Types

Annunciations

Source

Destination SP outgoing information to: Binary Outputs

YES

LEDs

YES

SP or DP Internal information from:

CFCs

YES

Binary Inputs

NO

System Interface

YES

Function Keys

YES

Buffers

YES

CFCs

YES

Display

YES

System Interface

NO

Control Menu

YES

DP outgoing information to:

Version: B 5_Page 9

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

Binary Outputs

NO

LEDs

NO

CFCs

YES

System Interface

YES

Buffers

YES

Display

YES

Control Menu

YES

Energy Sector

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Types

Annunciations

Source

Destination

Note: Two or more binary inputs define the position number of the transformer tap changer. e.g. 4 binary input for 16 tap positions SP outgoing information to: Incoming information from:

Binary Outputs

NO

LEDs

NO

Binary Inputs

YES

CFCs

NO

Function Keys

NO

System Interface

NO

CFCs

NO

Buffers

YES

System Interface

NO

Display

YES

Control Menu

YES

Version: B 5_Page 10

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Types

Annunciations

Source

Destination SP outgoing information to: Binary Outputs

YES

LEDs

YES

SP Internal information from:

CFCs

YES

Binary Inputs

NO

System Interface

YES

Function Keys

YES

Buffers

YES

CFCs

YES

Display

YES

System Interface

NO

Control Menu

NO

VI outgoing information to: VI Internal information from: Analog Inputs, Internal calculation Note: source and information are fixed and can not be selected/deleted in the configuration matrix.

Version: B 5_Page 11

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

Binary Outputs

NO

LEDs

NO

CFCs

YES

System Interface

YES

Buffers

YES

Display

YES

Control Menu

NO

Energy Sector

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Types

Source

Annunciations

Destination

Measured/Metered Value External Measured Value

Information to:

Information from: Measured Value Window NO CFCs

YES

CFCs

YES

System Interface

YES

System Interface

YES

Metered Value Window

YES

Display

YES

(only IEC 61850)

Version: B 5_Page 12

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Control Circuits Single Control

Double Control

Double Control

Double Control

Double Control

(S)

(D2)

(D4)

(D12)

(D3)

U+

U+

Trip

U+

U+

U+

U+

U+

U+

U+

Trip

Close

Trip

Close

Trip

Close

Trip

Close

Coil

Coil

Coil

Coil

Coil

Coil

Coil

Coil

& Close Coils U-

U-

U-

U-

Started

U-

Interlock

U-

52b

Control U+

Command

U-

52a

U+

Feedback SP indication or

Check

U-

U-

DP indication

Command

Chatter

Executed

Blocking

Circuit Breaker X Version: B 5_Page 13

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Types

Commands Without Feedback

Source

Destination SP outgoing information to:

Command information from:

Binary Outputs

YES

LEDs

NO

CFCs

YES

CFCs

YES

System Interface

NO

System Interface

YES

Buffers

YES

Display

YES

Control Menu

YES

Version: B 5_Page 14

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Types

Commands With Feedback

Source

Destination SP outgoing information to:

Command information from:

Binary Outputs

YES

LEDs

NO

CFCs

YES

CFCs

YES

System Interface

NO

System Interface

YES

Buffers

YES

Display

YES

Control Menu

YES

Feedback information from: One binary input as SP indication or Two binary inputs as DP indication.

Version: B 5_Page 15

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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DIGSI 4 - Device Information Types

Measurement

Source

Destination Measured, Limit Value Information to:

Measured and Limit Value Information from:

Measured Value Window

YES

CFCs

YES

CFCs Analog Inputs

YES YES YES Yes NO YES

System Interface

YES

System Interface

NO

Metered Value Window

NO

Display

YES

YES NO

(only IEC 61850)

Power metered Value

Power metered Value

Information to:

Information from: Measured Value

YES

Binary Inputs

NO

Measured Value Window NO

NO YES

Version: B 5_Page 16

03_A0: Device Information and Interface DIGSI 4 Basic

CFCs

YES

System Interface

YES

Metered Value Window

YES

Display

YES

Energy Sector

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Exercise 1: Change the setting - group in dependence of the current Î Setting group B becomes active if all line currents drop below 5% of the rated nominal current. Î Otherwise, setting group A is active.

Version: B 5_Page 1

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 1: Change the setting group dependend on current Step 1: Enable the Setting Group Change Option Î Enable the Setting Group Change Option in the Device Configuration.

Version: B 5_Page 2

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 1: Change the setting group dependend on current Step 2: Configure the Setting Group Change Option Î Open the “Setting Group Change Option” (double-click). Î Set parameter 0302 to “binary input“.

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04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 1: Change the setting group dependend on current Step 3: Allocation Î Open the Configuration Matrix (“Masking I/O”).

Bit 1 0

1

0

A

C

1

B

D

Bit 0

Î Assign the information item “>Set Group Bit 0“ to “C“ (source CFC !)

Only “>Set Group Bit 0“ changes between A and B

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04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 1: Change the setting group dependend on current Step 4: Allocation Î Assign the currents to “C“ (destination CFC !)

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04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 1: Change the setting group dependend on the current Step 5: Build the CFC program Î Use the following function blocks: Lower Setpoint: Q = ´Val < Limit´ This function block outputs a signal when the measured value “Val“ drops below the specified limit value “Limit”. It can only be applied in the “MW_BEARB” priority class for measured values.

X1

AND: Y = X1 * X2

X2

(+) Y

X1 Y X2

Version: B 5_Page 6

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

&

X1

X2

Y

0 1 0 1

0 0 1 1

0 0 0 1

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Exercise 1: Change the setting group dependend on current Step 5: Build the CFC program

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04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dependend on time Î After pressing the F1 key setting group B is active during the first 10 seconds. Î Then, setting group A gets active again.

Version: B 5_Page 8

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 9

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 10

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dependend on time Step 1: Allocation of informations Î Insert a new information item of the type “Internal Single-Point Indication” (Tagging) in the matrix and assign it to the F1 function key and to CFC (destination CFC).

Version: B 5_Page 11

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 12

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 13

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

;

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dependend on time Step 2: Save the allocated information Î Save the allocated information.

Version: B 5_Page 14

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 15

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

;

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 16

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dependend on time Step 3: Insert a new CFC chart Î Open the folder named “CFC”, insert a new CFC chart, give it a “good” name and open it.

Version: B 5_Page 17

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 18

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ;

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 19

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ;

Energy Sector

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dependend on time Step 4: Draw a CFC chart The TI MER ru

Î Use the TIMER block.

R => Timer Reset S => Timer Start

ns onl y

in PLC

or PLC

1!

Q=(S+T2) * T1 * R QT1= T1 * R QT2= T2 * R

S Q

QT1

T1

QT2

T1 T2

T1 and T2 timer function Version: B 5_Page 20

T2

Delay Q is delayed by T1 04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

Prolongation Q corresponds to S prolonged by T2 Energy Sector

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dependend on time Step 4: Draw a CFC chart Î Insert a TIMER block via Drag & Drop.

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04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dep. on the time Step 4: Draw a CFC chart Î Connect the input “S“ (Start TIMER) to the information “Start“ (configured to F1)

Version: B 5_Page 22

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dep. on the time Step 4: Draw a CFC chart Î Set the value for the timer “T1“ to 10000 ms.

Version: B 5_Page 23

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dep. on the time Step 4: Draw a CFC chart Î Connect the output “QT1“ (HIGH applies for as long as the T1 timer is running) to the information “>Set Group Bit 0“

Version: B 5_Page 24

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 25

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ;

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 26

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ; ;

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CFC - Continuous Function Chart (IEC Standard 1131 = High Flexibility) 4 priority classes for various tasks PLC (Fast PLC) ƒ Blocking protection functions ƒ Few modules only ƒ Automatic start after change-of-state at the input PLC1 (Slow PLC) ƒ Most frequent priority class (e.g. for TIMER applications) ƒ Automatic start after change-of-state at the input SFS (Switchgear interlocking) ƒ Verifying the switchgear interlocking ƒ Automatic start like PLC plus when activating a control command MW (Measured value processing) ƒ Configuring and comparing measured values ƒ Implementing additional protection functions such as “Reverse power (ANSI 32)” and “Power factor (ANSI 55)” ƒ Automatic start every 600 ms

Version: B 5_Page 27

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dep. on the time Step 5: Shift chart in the proper priority class Î Open the Run-time Editor Î To change the priority class: Grab your “good name” folder (by left mouse key) “ and drag & drop it into the desired priority-class folder p menu (Shift + F11). Î If you want to prepare the NEXT CFC chart inserted to run under another priority class then first select the desired priority class then click on “edit” then “predecessor for insert position” and then “ok”

Version: B 5_Page 28

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 29

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ; ;

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 30

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ; ; ;

Energy Sector

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dependend on time Step 6: Let the system verify the run sequence

Obviously, you don’t have to change the run sequence as the TIMER is the only block running in the chart.

Î Changes must, however, be made if several function blocks are placed – and some of them are maybe in the wrong order…

Version: B 5_Page 31

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dependend on time Step 6: Let the system verify the run sequence In this case, the run sequence must be changed as the TIMER has the number 2 in the chart, i.e. it will be executed after the OR block.

Î In this case, click on “Options” and then on “optimize run sequence”.

Version: B 5_Page 32

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 33

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ; ; ;

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 34

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ; ; ; ;

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dep. on the time Step 7: Compile the CFC chart Î Compile the chart.

Version: B 5_Page 35

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 36

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ; ; ; ;

Energy Sector

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 37

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Energy Sector

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Exercise 2: Change the setting group dependend on time Step 8: Save the parameter set Î Close the chart and save the parameter set.

Version: B 5_Page 38

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

Version: B 5_Page 39

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

; ; ; ; ; ; ;

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Follow the CFC standard procedure!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Allocate necessary informations to CFC Save the Configuration Matrix Insert and name a new CFC chart Draw the chart

5. 6. 7. 8.

Shift the chart in the proper priority class Let the system verify the run sequence Compile the chart Save and download the parameter set

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Exercise 3: Change the setting group dep. on the time and the current Î Normally, group A is active. Î Group B is active: during the first 10 seconds after pressing the F1 key or if all phase currents drop below 5% of the rated nominal current. Î Combine the solution from exercise 1 with that from exercise 2 by using the following block:

OR: Y = X1 + X2

X1 (+)

X2

Y

X1 X2

Version: B 5_Page 41

≥1

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

Y

X1

X2

y

0 1 0 1

0 0 1 1

0 1 1 1

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Exercise 3: Change the settings group Solution - Allocation Connect the two charts via an additional internal single-point indication: Chart “I < 5“: Priority class “MW_BEARB“

Chart “10s after start“: Priority class „PLC1_BEARB“

Source CFC Destination CFC

Matrix

 

Î Insert a new internal single-point indication in the matrix and allocate it to CFC (destination and source!) Version: B 5_Page 42

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Exercise 3: Change the settings group Solution - CFC 1

Chart “I < 5“ (priority class “MW_BEARB“):

2

Chart “10s after start“ (priority class „PLC1_BEARB“):

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Exercise 4: Time control 1 (2) – Simple switching sequence Î When F1 is pressed, LED1 is lit for 5 seconds. Î Then LED2 is lit for 15 seconds.

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Exercise 4: Time control 1 (2) – Simple switching sequence Solution 1

2

Priority class: PLC1 (slow PLC)

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Exercise 5: Time control 2 (2) - Flashing Î A LED flashes when F1 is pressed. Î It goes off when F2 is applied.

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Exercise 5: Time control 2 (2) - Flashing Solution 1

2

Priority class: PLC1 (slow PLC)

OR

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Exercise 6: Power Direction Î A new dynamic symbol (arrow) on the default display of the device is to indicate the power direction.

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Exercise 6: Power Direction Solution - Allocation Î Allocate the required measured value “P=“ (power) to the destination CFC.

Î Create an internal double-point indication required to indicate the power direction on the default display.

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Exercise 6: Power Direction Solution - CFC Î Evaluate the power direction by using the blocks “UPPER_SETPOINT“ and “LOWER_SETPOINT“. Î Use “BUILD_DI“ to create the previously defined double-point indication “Pdirection“.

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Exercise 6: Power Direction Solution - Display Editor Î Create 3 static symbols to visualise the states shown below.

Î Create a dynamic symbol of the type “Symbol” to be filled with the 3 static symbols.

Î Place the dynamic symbol on the default display and connect it to the new double-point indication. Version: B 5_Page 51

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Exercise 7: Interlocking expansion Î Expand the default interlocking conditions:

The switch commands for the circuit breaker, isolating switch and grounding switch are only admitted if no “SF6-Loss” indication is present

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Exercise 7: Interlocking expansion Solution 1

Î Allocate “SF6-Loss” to CFC as destination.

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Exercise 7: Interlocking expansion Solution Feedback of devices:

Interlock conditions:

2 Breaker DP

Disc.Swit. DP

AND EarthSwit. DP 52 Close IntSP AND 52 Open IntSP AND

Î You have to expand the already existing chart in the priority class SFS (Interlocking).

Disc.Close IntSP AND Disc.Open IntSP AND E Sw Open IntSP E Sw Close IntSP

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Exercise 7: Interlocking expansion Solution 2a

Î Modify the interlock condition “52 Close” on the page “A1”:

52 Close IntSP

SF6-Loss SP

2b

No SF6-Loss to the other interlock conditions

Î Modify the interlock condition “52 Open” on the page “A2”: 52 Open IntSP No SF6-Loss

2c

Î Modify the interlock condition “Disc.Close” on the page “A2”: Disc.Close IntSP

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Exercise 7: Interlocking expansion Solution 2d

Î Modify the interlock condition “Disc.Open” on the page “A2”:

Disc.Open IntSP

No SF6-Loss 2e

Î Modify the interlock condition “E Sw Close”/”E Sw Open” on the page “A2”:

E Sw Close IntSP E Sw Open IntSP

No SF6-Loss

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Exercise 8: Create new interlocking conditions Create the new interlocking conditions for closing the... Î Breaker: “Disconnector=ON“ AND “Earth switch=OFF“ Î Disconnector: “Breaker=OFF“ AND “Earth switch=OFF“ Î Earth switch: “Breaker=OFF“ AND “Disconnector=OFF“ Opening the switches should be possible in non-interlocked state!

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Exercise 8: Create new interlocking conditions Solution - Allocation 1

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Exercise 8: Create new interlocking conditions Solution - Assign a release condition 2

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Exercise 8: Create new interlocking conditions Solution - CFC Î Use the following block to evaluate the feedback information (double-point indication) of a command:

DI to BOOL: Y = ´VAL = IS_ON & IS_OFF´

This block checks a double-point indication for the states ON, OFF, “00“ or “11“ and produces a signal as the result.

VAL IS_OFF IS_ON

y = 1, if ...

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{

00 01 10 11

0 1 0 1

0 0 1 1

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Exercise 8: Create new interlocking conditions Solution - CFC This module issues a HIGH signal at the output y if the disconnector is closed.

Release conditions for tripping the circuit breaker: “Disconnector=CLOSE“ AND “Ground switch=OPEN“

This module issues a HIGH signal at the output y if the ground switch is open.

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Exercise 9: Controlling via the function keys Î The circuit breaker (2-pole CLOSE, 1-pole OPEN) is to be controlled via the function keys: F1=Close, F2=Trip. Î Use the following blocks to create a command and a doublepoint indication:

Close Trip

BOOL_TO_CO

The switch command is specified via the parameters ORIGIN, PROP, VAL and TIME and is tripped via a signal at the Trig input. ORIGIN origin of the cause PROP general command properties TIME output time for the command VAL switching direction (ON or OFF)

BUILD_DI

This module transforms two input signals into one double-point indication. The double-point indication consists of the 2 bits VAL_OFF and VAL_ON. TYP_DP_I defines the type of the double-point indication: with distinction of “00“ and “11“ or without.

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Exercise 9: Controlling via the function keys Solution 1

2 F2 Trip IntSP F1 Close IntSP

Version: B 5_Page 63

Q0 F-Key CF_D12

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Exercise 10: Controlling via a single function key Î Expand exercise 9 so that closing and tripping is initiated alternately via the same function key (F1).

NEG: Y= X1 X1

D-Flipflop

Version: B 5_Page 64

1

Y

(+)

X1 Y

The signal at the input D is issued at the output Q, if a rising edge is recognised at the input Clk.

04_A0: CFC-Exercises DIGSI 4 Basic

X1

Y

0 1

1 0

Clk

D

Q

0 1 0 1

0 0 1 1

0 0 0 1

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Exercise 10: Controlling via a single function key Solution 1

2

Priority class: PLC1 (Slow PLC)

F1 Switch IntSP Trip Close

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Selection Guide for Function Modules and Task Levels

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05_A0: CFC-Function Modules DIGSI 4 Basic

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DIGSI 4 - Online Mode

ƒ

Open Device in Online Mode

ƒ

Plug & Play (First the device has to be initialized)

ƒ

Hardware Test

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DIGSI 4 - Online Mode ƒ

Open Device in Online Mode

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DIGSI 4 - Plug & Play

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DIGSI 4 - Plug & Play

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DIGSI 4 - Parameter Comparison Offline-/Offline and Online-/Offline

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DIGSI 4 - Parameter Comparison Offline-/Offline and Online-/Offline

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Change / Transmission of single parameters in online mode

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DIGSI 4 - Control of switching devices

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DIGSI 4 - Hardware Test

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DIGSI 4 - Hardware Test

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DIGSI 4 - Hardware Test

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DIGSI 4 - Hardware Test

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DIGSI 4 - Hardware Test

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DIGSI 4 - Hardware Test Exercise ƒ Parametrize the IEC103-protocol as system interface and insert any communication address ƒ Initialize your device on the table ƒ establish the communication to the device ƒ Set the transmission blocking mode ƒ Control the event log with respect to alarms ƒ Start the test mode and simulate a closed circuit-breaker as well as an open disconnector and earthing switch by way of addressing the binary inputs ƒ Verify the response of your device by the integrated interface ƒ Deacivate the transmission blocking mode ƒ Change within the test mode to action ‘generate indications’ ƒ Send the indication ‘>LED Reset’ ƒ Verify the response of your device by the integrated interface and reset that indication

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DIGSI 4 Test In- and Outputs / Control of devices ƒ Activate the chatter-blocking ƒ Simulate a chattering at the binary inputs of the feedback information of the Q1 and check the reaction via menu ‚Control‘ ƒ Switch off the earthing switch Q5 ƒ Set the acquisition blocking for Q5 via the integral keypad ƒ substitute the position of Q5 to ‚ON‘ (integral keypad) ƒ check the indication via menu `Control‘

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DIGSI 4 Test In- and Outputs / Control of devices ƒ Set the acquisition blocking for CB and simulate a change of the CB-position OFF/ON via the binary inputs ƒ Check the reaction ƒ Set the output blocking for switching device Q1 and try to control it ƒ Check the indication via Menu ‚Control‘ ƒ Check the reaction and remove the acquisition blocking as well as the output blocking for all devices

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DIGSI 4 - Commissioning and Test Functions Test mode Data Transmission blocking Process data retrieval Operational indication Operational measuring values

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DIGSI 4 - Test Mode

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DIGSI 4 - Data Transmission Blocking

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DIGSI 4 - Retrieval of Process Data

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DIGSI 4 - Event Log

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DIGSI 4 - Event Log

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DIGSI 4 - Measurement of Operational Values

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DIGSI 4 - Event Log

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DIGSI 4 - Event Log

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DIGSI 4 - Event Log

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DIGSI 4 - Event Log

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DIGSI 4 - Process Data Exercise ƒ Open the device via plug&play ƒ Change e.g. the pick up value for O/C-protection, as well as one I/O- configuration and save that change only at the device ƒ Do a on-/offline comparison ƒ Save the changes on PC ƒ Create two test records ƒ Save the records and the event Log to retrieve them in the off-line mode ƒ Copy the logs and records from the plug&play-variant to the master file of first exercise ƒ Check the presence in the master device file

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Which facilities does SIPROTEC 4 offer ? IEC-Interface

ƒ ƒ ƒ

IEC 61850 – substation ethernet communication The "VDEW-interface " is international standard IEC 60870-5-103 (without parameterizing) According to recommendation of VDEW switching operations are possible

PROFIBUS-Interface

ƒ ƒ

PROFIBUS FMS is a protocol which includes all functions. Excellent in conjunction with SICAM PROFIBUS DP – a protocol for simpler applications in conjunction with automatization systems for industrial application.

Additional interfaces

ƒ ƒ ƒ

Modbus DNP 3 ...........

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Which features does SIPROTEC 4 offer

variable interfaces

or electrical

as fibre optics

„ exchangeable „ refittable

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Communication: Setup with IEC 60870-5-103 To load dispatcher

SICAM SCADA

IEC 60870-5-103 e.g. RS 485 IEC 60870-5-103 z.B, point to point

STATION

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Select the communication interfaces

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Set the IEC address

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IEC Parameter

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Masking with IEC protocol

X

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Communication: Setup with Profibus FMS To Load dispatcher

DIGSI 4

Profibus FMS

SICAM

SUB-STATION

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Setting the communication interface

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Setting of the Profibus FMS Addresses

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PROFIBUS FMS

(SICAM SAS)

PROFIBUS FMS

(DIGSI 4 via PC)

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FMS Parameters on PC

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FMS Parameters at the device

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Masking with FMS Protocol

X

X

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Communication: Setup with additional protocols e.g. Profibus DP To load dispatcher

e.g Profibus DP

SIMATIC S7

STATION

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Additional protocols e.g. Profibus DP

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Additional Protocols Select the Mapping-file and Address

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Additional Protocols e.g. Profibus DP 7SJ6-Standardmapping 3-1 bis 3-4

Output Input

7 29

7 29

8 24

3 5

Double commands Single commands

7 7 146 114 25 10 6 2 2 1

8 64 21 6 1

3 26 8 2 0

Double annunciations Single annunciations Measurement values counter values value annunciations

9 100

8 80

2 Bytes Output 28 Bytes Input

9 48

The volume of the data-objects which are offered via Profibus-DP (Number of the Commands, Annunciations, Measuring values, Counter values in Output- resp. Input direction) is exclusively determined by the selection of a Standardmapping. Version: B 5_Page 17

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Marshalling of Informations

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Scaling of Measuring Values

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Communication: Setup via Service Interface C

Public phone conn.

To Load Dispatcher

DIGSI 4

Office

Modem

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IEC 870-5

STATION

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DIGSI 4 for Remote communication via Service Interface

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Communication: Setup via Operator Interface To Load Dispatcher

STATION DIGSI 4

IEC 870-5

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DIGSI 4 via Operator Interface

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SIGRA 4 - Process Data Analysis ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ

Representation of indications and measured values Retrieval of fault records with DIGSI 4 The COMTRADE format Parameterization of fault record representation Definition of user profile Angle measuring

ƒ Fourier analysis ƒ Impedance calculation ƒ Export of fault records

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SIGRA 4 - Evaluation of Fault record The following data are used for the evaluation: ƒ Measured values recorded in the device fault record ƒ Characteristics calculated by SIGRA 4, for ex. impedance ƒ Binary signals ƒ Data of other fault records for comparison

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Generation of RIO-File in DIGSI 4 (Part 1) Only relevant for distance protection !

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Generation of RIO-File in DIGSI 4 (Part 2) Only relevant for distance protection ! FALSE TRUE

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at I(nom) = 1A at I(nom) = 5A

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SIGRA 4 - Indication / Measured Value Indication Evaluation of fault record data via the SIGRA 4 views: ƒ Time signal ƒ Vector diagrams ƒ Circle diagram ƒ Harmonic components

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SIGRA 4 - Time Signal View

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SIGRA 4 - Vector Diagram View

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SIGRA 4 - Circle Diagram View

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SIGRA 4 - Harmonic Component View

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SIGRA 4 - Graphical Structure of a Fault Record The graphical interface of a fault records consists of the following: ƒ Views with as many diagrams as you like ƒ Diagrams with as many signals as you like ƒ Signals of any view and diagram - analog signals - binary signals - status signals

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SIGRA 4 - Diagrams / Signals ƒ Insert / Assign ƒ Copy ƒ Delete ƒ Define Properties

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SIGRA 4 - Object Properties Diagram properties

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SIGRA 4 - Signal Assignment

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SIGRA 4 - Structure of Fault Records

A fault record has the following components: *.CFG - COMTRADE configuration file *.DAT - COMTRADE file (measured values) *.RIO

- protection settings (optional)

*.DG4 - SIGRA 4 session connection memory

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DIGSI 4 - Exporting of Fault Records

ƒ Open Record Object ƒ Select Fault Record ƒ Open Export Dialog ƒ Define Export File ƒ Export Fault in the COMTRADE format

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DIGSI 4 - Definition of Setting Values for Fault Records Open the Fault Record dialog box in the settings mode Set values Transfer values to device

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SIGRA 4 - The COMTRADE Format

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SIGRA 4 - The .dat Data File 0000000000,0000000000,-00118,000030,000084,000150,-00108,-00038,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0000000001,0000001666,-00126,000098,000024,000113,-00162,000052,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0000000002,0000003332,-00081,000114,-00035,000036,-00142,000110,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0000000003,0000004998,-00024,000124,-00104,-00057,-00107,000168,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0000000004,0000006664,000039,000080,-00120,-00115,-00030,000150,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 0000000005,0000008330,000101,000026,-00129,-00168,000054,000117,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0

First set of data

The contents of the .DAT data files can be viewed in the Text Editor. The figures are separated by commas. The data file can be edited in external programs like Excel.

0000000596,0000992936,000081,-00116,000029,-00039,000146,-00105,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0 0000000597,0000994602,000022,-00125,000097,000054,000110,-00161,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0 0000000598,0000996268,-00037,-00086,000117,000113,000039,-00147,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0 0000000599,0000997934,-00101,-00030,000126,000166,-00050,-00116,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0 0000000600,0000999600,-00117,000027,000086,000149,-00104,-00043,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,0 1. ......

.........

6.1. ..

......

19

Last set of data

Scanning value of the analog Value of the 19 binary values (0 or 1) channels (analog channel multiplied by its factor) Time scale in ms Number of the scanning value

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SIGRA 4 - Frequency Analysis Fourier : A periodic signal can be divided up into its frequency contents. sig

0

1

N-1

k

Period with scanning values

ΣΣ N/2

N-1

sig =

m=0

k=0

π

2

Am * cos

N

π

2

m k + Bm * sin m k

N

Sum value of N scanning values per supply period Frequency content (m=0 direct component, m=1 fundamental component, m=2 second harmonic

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SIGRA 4 - Frequency Analysis

direct component

fundamental component

2. harmonic

C0

C1

C2

0

1

2

3

4

N/2+1

N/2

l

For N scanning valued per supply period DIGSI can calculate N/2 spectral lines by way of the Fourier analysis. N-1 sig = C0 +

C1 * cos ( k=0

Cm =

Version: B 5_Page 20

Am2 + Bm2

2

π

Σ N

l k+w1) + C2 * cos (

2

π N

2 k +w2 ) + .........

wl = arctan(Bm / Am)

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SIGRA 4 - Process Data Analysis

ƒ Parameterization of fault records ƒ Definition of user profile ƒ Synchronization of fault record

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SIGRA 4 - Measuring a Fault Record

Tools for fault record measuring: ƒ Zoom ƒ Table - assignment of measured signals - assignment of times ƒ Cursor behavior - magnetic (on status signals) pointer - snapping (on samples) pointer ƒ Status signals

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SIGRA 4 - Parameterization of Fault Record

Parameterize channels (Network Nodes)

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SIGRA 4 - Parameterization of Fault Record

Parameterize Network Nodes

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SIGRA 4 - User Profiles

ƒ Define and save ƒ Use ƒ Define assignment ƒ Delete ƒ Insert device type

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SIGRA 4 - User Profiles

Define Save Use Delete

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SIGRA 4 - User Profiles

Assign

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SIGRA 4 - Synchronization Procedure

ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ

Insert comparison fault record B Insert empty diagram in the Time Signal view Insert signal of fault record A, for ex. phase voltage in short circuit Insert comparison signal from fault record B Cursor position

- Cursor 1 on synchronous point signal fault record A - Cursor 2 on synchronous point signal fault record B ƒ Select Synchronize Fault Records (menu command) ƒ Check synchronous points and displacement ƒ Trigger synchronization

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SIGRA 4 - Dialog Box

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